Helping L Drivers

Professional Lessons

Learner and instructor

Professional lessons with an Approved Driving Instructor (ADI) are an essential part of learning to drive.

It is important that learner drivers take frequent, and regular professional lessons during their learning period. The lessons should be spread over a period of weeks and months, rather than crammed into a short intensive course.

The ideal number of lessons will vary for each learner, but there should be at least 50 hours of professional instruction.

What is an ADI?

ADI stands for Approved Driving Instructor, which is the proper name for professional driving instructors. All ADI's must reach certain high standards of instruction which are set and monitored by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA). Only ADIs, or trainee ADIs, can charge for driving lessons. It is illegal for anyone else to charge or receive money to teach someone to learn to drive.

Approved Driving Instructors will display a green ADI certificate in the windshield of the vehicle during lessons. Some will have a pink certificate which indicates that they are a trainee instructor, and are getting teaching experience before they pass their instructors exam.

Learner and instructor

Choosing an ADI

Use 'Find your nearest driving instructors' at, or local directories or word of mouth recommendations. Look for one who offers refresher courses and who has signed up to the DVSA's voluntary continuing professional development (CPD) scheme and the ADI code of practice.

It is worth speaking to other parents whose children have learnt to drive, and to the learners themselves. They may be able to recommend a good instructor.

The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) checks ADIs (at least once every four years) to assess their ability to help their pupils become safe drivers. From 7 April 2014, ADIs are marked on three main areas:

  • Lesson planning
  • Risk management
  • Teaching and learning skills

They will be given one of the following grades after their standards check:

  • A grade (85% or over) - an overall high standard of instruction
  • B grade (60% or over) - a sufficient level of competence
  • Fail (less than 60%) - an unsatisfactory performance

We recommend choosing an instructor who has an A grade if possible.

Before 7 April 2014, ADIs were assessed in a different way, and give a grade from 0 to 6. They will still use these grades until they have been re-assessed under the new system. For these ADIs, we recommend choosing one with a grade 5 or grade 6.

Also take the instructor's car into account and make sure that it is suitable for your learner - that he or she can adjust the seat and head restraint to give them good visibility and protection. It's also useful if the instructor's car is similar in size and power to the one used for private practice. It should certainly have the same type of gears - manual or automatic.

If the learner passes their test in an automatic car, they will only be licensed to drive an automatic car. To gain a licence to drive a car with manual gears, they would have to take (and pay for) the test again in a manual car.

Ask the instructor if he or she will allow you to sit in the rear of the car during some lessons. This can be very useful, especially if you are supervising your learner during private practice between the lessons. It will help you to understand what the ADI is covering, why and when they are covering specific topics and help to ensure that what you cover during private practice complements the professional lessons.

Regular Communication with Your Learner's Instructor

It is very important to maintain good communication with your learner's instructor. First of all, to check when it is safe to begin private practice, and then to co-ordinate what happens during practice drives with the professional lessons. This will ensure that the learner gains the maximum benefit from their learning experience, and the best value for money for the lessons.

The instructor will tell the learner driver what skills he or she needs to brush up on after each lesson, and you should concentrate on these skills. Although the learner will probably have some idea of the parts of their driving they need to improve, encourage them to ask the instructor at the end of every lesson what they should practice before the next lesson.

If you have any concerns about the driving techniques being taught by the instructor, discuss these with him or her rather than contradict them during practice drives.

Ask to sit in on some of the lessons; most instructors should be happy for you to do this. It will help you pick up how professional lessons are structured and how the driving instructor helps and encourages the learner to develop their skills as a safer driver. It will also give you a good idea of the routes being used and traffic situations they encounter on them.

If possible, show the learner's instructor the 'Driver's Record' or the telematics data frequently so they can see how the learner is doing in their practice drives.